Side Impact Test is a method of test that reproduces the situation where the moveable wall (attached of aluminum honey comb, the impact absorption material, to all impact areas) with form and characteristics of front part of the passenger car crashes vertically into the side of standing test vehicle with dummy in driver seat and frontal passenger seat and with the speed of 55km/h (21% increase in energy) that is 5km/h faster than the test speed (50km/h) on the law.
- Reference : Article 102 of Vehicle Safety Regulation
- Impact of head, chest, thigh, etc for dummy(EuroSID-1) in the driver seat and frontal passenger seat during the side impact to the moveable wall with the speed of 50km/h should not exceed following.
- - Head Injury Criterion (HIC):1,000 - Chest Compression:42mm - Chest Compression Speed:1m/sec
- - Abdominal Load:2.5kN - Pubic Load:6kN * HIC : Head Injury Criteria
- Vertical side impact by the moveable wall with speed of 55km/h that is 5km/h faster than the test speed of 50km/h by the law
- Equipment of dummy for side impact in driver seat
- Installation of sensor to measure the impact in head, chest, etc of dummy
- Dummy for Side Impact : It is a male dummy called EuroSID-2 with height of 178cm and weight of 72kg developed in Europe.
- It revives the situation that the moving wall composing the front side figure and feature of a general sedan vehicle (aluminum honeycomb that is the material for bumping the collision is attached onto the front colliding part) collide vertically to the broadside of a vehicle.
1. Injury Scale
- Calculates the point by measuring the impact on head, chest, abdomen, pelvis, etc of passengers in front seat.
※ Severe Injury (AIS3): It refers to the Level 3 of Abbreviated Injury Scale of USA. Namely, it refers to the injury of over 1~6 hour of unconsciousness, depressed fracture, contusion of heart, 2~3 rib fractures (existence of blood or pneumothorax)
- Measurement result is divided into 5 Levels and highest scale and lowest scale is indicated with 5 stars and 1 star respectively.
||Impact of Passenger in Front Seat
||Over 9.00 ~ Under 13.00
||Over 5.00 ~ Under 9.00
||Over 2.00 ~ Under 5.00
- Injury value for each body part is indicated with 4 colors
|Protection for each body part (Moveable wall side impact with speed of 55km/h)
|Head Injury Criterion
||Over 500 Under 1,000
||Over 1.000 Under 1,500
||Over 25 Under 42
||Over 42 Under 52
||Over 0.6 Under 1.0
||Over 1.0 Under 1.3
||Over 1.2 Under 2.5
||Over 2.5 Under 3.5
||Over 3.0 Under 6.0
||Over 6.0 Under 8.0
||Possibility of Severe Injury (AIS3)
||Head Injury Level
|Chest Compression Speed
||Rupture in Abdomen (0 point)
||Pubic Fracture (0 point)
|* Adopt lower point for the injury value of chest
** Perfect Score (16 points) refers to the possibility of severe injury in head and chest under 5% and no rupture in abdomen & no pubic fracture.
2. Door-Opening at the Moment of Impact
Check the door-opening at the moment of impact since passenger may spring out to the outside when door opens at the moment of impact.
3. Easiness in Door-Opening after Impact
Measure the amount of strength consumed in manual door-opening from the outside after impact since passenger may easily be rescued from the outside or come outside by himself when door opens easily after impact.
4. Gas Leakage after Impact
Check the gas leakage after impact since fire may start with the engine heat when there is gas leakage after impact